Moriyama House_ Ryue Nishizawa

Ryue Nishizawa  aplica en este proyecto el concepto de la casa-ciudad y la tradición japonesa del apartamento mínimo. Ubicada en una zona residencial tranquila, lejos del bullicioso centro de la ciudad de Tokio, la casa Moriyama está compuesta por varios edificios separados entre sí en la parcela. De este modo, el cliente Yashuo Moriyama, tiene la libertad de utilizar todos los espacios de la vivienda o bien, alquilar alguno de ellos sin perder su privacidad.

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El programa de la vivienda se distribuye en diez cubos blancos de una a tres alturas que se colocan en el solar de una forma aparentemente aleatoria. Cada uno de estos cubos es una vivienda por sí sola y éstas únicamente quedan interrumpidas por los espacios de almacenamiento y baños.

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Debido a esta división del espacio, el vacío cobra mucha importancia ya que se trata de lo que articula y comunica el espacio. Este vacío, en principio urbano, ya que no existen rejas o vallas, se considera y utiliza como parte de la vivienda. La vegetación llena este vacío ayudando a definir el espacio y a crear un límite difuso entre la vivienda y el exterior.

Sanaa [Moriyama House] 09

En cuanto a la construcción, se trata de una vivienda prefabricada con muros portantes de 6cm de grosor reforzados con placas de acero. Estas placas permiten perforar el edificio, formando unos grandes huecos que podrían suponer una falta de intimidad de los habitantes. Sin embargo, estos huecos se encuentran dispuestos de forma alterna a los de las viviendas colindantes, de forma que las cortinas y persianas son innecesarias.

Sanaa [Moriyama House] 04a

 

Para finalizar, la casa Moriyama es un experimento sobre una nueva forma de entender la vivienda comunitaria donde coexisten los numerosos contrastes: público-privado, interior-exterior y unidad-todo.

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In this residential project, Ryue Nishizawa, applies two main concepts: the idea of the house as a city, together with the Japanese tradition of the minimum apartment. Located in a quiet suburb, far from the noisy central Tokyo, Moriyama House explodes into different buildings scattered around the site. With this movement, Yashuo Moriyama, the client, is provided the freedom of either using all of the spaces or rather renting some of them without losing his privacy.

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The dwelling program is divided into ten cuboids, which vary between one to three floors and dispose themselves in an apparent random way within the site.  Each of these cuboids could be a unit in its own and they are only interrupted by the restrooms and the storage rooms.

Sanaa [Moriyama House] Plan

Due to the division of the space, the left void becomes a very relevant aspect because it articulates and communicates the entire house. This void, at first an urban void, because of the lack of walls or fences, is considered and used as part of the house. The vegetation also plays an important role in filling this void by organizing it and creating a diffuse border with the Street.
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The construction is all prefabricated and consists in 6cm-thick load-bearing walls reinforced by steel plates. The latter permit, the architect to have many openings done throughout the building. The size of these openings could appear to interfere with the resident’s privacy but in fact, these voids are located in a way that none of them meet with the neighbors’, so curtains are not needed at all.
Sanaa [Moriyama House] Sectionalzado

To end up with, Moriyama House can be seen as a relevant experiment of community dwellings where many contrasts are present: public vs private, interior vs exterior and part vs whole.

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+El Croquis

 

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