Gifu Kitagata Apartments_SANAA

Los apartamentos Gifu Kitagata forman parte de un proyecto de vivienda social cerca de la ciudad de Gifu. El proyecto de SANAA se adapta a la parcela creando una forma que consigue generar mayor número de viviendas que una pieza longitudinal, dejando espacios libres en su interior.

Kitaga_layoutplan

El volumen es simple y muy estrecho y su fachada va variando con sucesivos huecos. Aparentemente se trata de un volumen muy uniforme, sin embargo, existen muchos tipos diferentes de viviendas formadas por la suma de “pixeles”. Así existirá en todas las viviendas una sala de té, una terraza, un comedor y un cierto número de dormitorios dependiendo del tamaño de la vivienda.

SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (2)

Todos los diferentes tipos de viviendas se encuentran perfectamente encajadas en la fachada como si de un tetrix se tratara quedando como huecos las terrazas de cada vivienda. Las terrazas dan al corredor común, luego son la unión con lo público. En la vivienda, todas las habitaciones dan a un corredor privado, engawa, que recibe toda la luz y por el cual se conectan. Luego en planta la composición es simple, dos corredores, uno público y uno privado con los píxeles entre ellos.

SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (9)

Debido a la estrecha crujía y a la continuidad de los módulos casi cuadrados, las comunicaciones, no se realizan entre las viviendas. En cambio, se sacan del edificio a través de unas escaleras que le dan dinamismo a la fachada por el lado público y van llegando a los corredores públicos asistiendo a todos los apartamentos desde una distancia razonable.

SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (16)

La idea del píxel es también una ayuda económica a la hora de construir. Los módulos habitacionales se estandarizan, consiguiendo que la mayoría de la obra pueda ser prefabricada.

Este proyecto, utiliza el módulo como unidad habitacional, compositiva y constructiva y así consigue múltiples variaciones en una fachada aparentemente continua y un bajo costo para la vivienda social.
SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (5)

The Gifu Kitagata apartments are part of an urban plan of new social dwellings near the city of Gifu. SANAA proposes a single volume whose geometry is adapted to the site in a way that generates a higher amount of apartments that if it were a simple longitudinal volume.

SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (01

The building is very simple and narrow and its facade varies due to several random openings. Apparently, it would seem as a very homogeneous volume, nevertheless, there are many different types of apartments composed by the addition of “pixels”. In every one of the apartments there will be a tearoom, a terrace, a dining room and the amount of bedrooms necessary.

SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (6)

All the different sizes of apartments are perfectly meshed in the facade as a tetrix and the before random voids, are the terraces each of them possess. These terraces will be the connexion with the public corridor. Inside the apartments, all the rooms are connected through a private corridor, engawa, and receive the direct sunlight from it. As a result, the plan composition will turn out very simple, two corridors, the private and the public with several pixels in between them.

tumblr_m2pgp0yjV51qzlcoro1_1280SANAA . Gifu Kitagata Apartment Building (4)

Owe to the narrowness of the building and the continuity of the square modules, the communications are not inside the volume. Instead, they are brought out of the building as long stairs, which provide dynamism to the public facade and assist all apartments in a short distance through the corridors.

The pixel idea is also convenient in construction matters. The modules are standardized and most of the construction is prefabricated which lowers the cost significantly.

This project uses a module as a strategy, which is at the same time constructive and compositional and so it develops a lot of variation in a apparently continuous facade with a relatively low cost for a social dwelling.

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+ http://afasiaarq.blogspot.com/2011/12/sanaa.html

+ http://gifuprefecture.blogspot.com

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Comments
2 Responses to “Gifu Kitagata Apartments_SANAA”
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"architects don't invent anything, they just transform reality" Alvaro Siza

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